2021年6月英语六级听力真题/答案/解析(卷一)

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2021年6月英语六级真题及答案:卷一

  Part Ⅰ Writing 写作(短文写作)

  Part Ⅱ Listening 听力

  Section A 长对话

  1-8

  Section B 听力篇章

  9-15

  Section C讲话/报道/讲座

  16-25

  Part Ⅲ Reading 阅读

  Section A 词汇理解(选词填空)

  Part III(真题)

  Reading Comprehension (40minutes)

  Section A

  Directions:in this setion, there is apassage wtih ten banks. You are required to select one words for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage.Read the passage through carefully before making your choices.Each choices in the bank is identified by a letter.Plaease mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

  I'm always baffled when I walk into a pharmacy and see shelves bursting with various vitamins ,extracts and other supplements ,all promising to accelerate or promote weight loss .Aisles of marketing genius belie(掩饰)the fact that, ____26____, weight loss is dictated by the laws of artithmetic. Economistes Jessica Trcine wrote a book about how she used math to help her lose more than 18 kilograms.If calrics taken in are less than calories ____27____, weight shall be lost, and so it is with money .

  Despite the ___28___of financial products, service and solutions geared towards accumulateing wealth, it all begins with the same __29___:getting ahead financially requires a reduction of spengding,so that income is greater than expenses,i was reminded of this again recently listenning to an interview with nicole haddow the author of samshed avocado,explaining how she cracked the property market at 31, it was quite a ____30____,given where she had been two years carlier.

  Nicole didn't celebrate her 30th birthday as she had_31.She was sobbing at the diner table with her parens, wth whom she had just moved back in.She had no stable income S12000 in credi-card debt and no pan, but to her_32, her father, an accountant told her that her financial 33_wasn't as badasshe thought. He said, on her income, with some changes, she would be able to buy an investment unit within two years, which she did.

  Nicole admitted she was fortunate, as she was able to live with her parents and 34 her spending-and life- to get herself on track financally. Creating a gap between her income and spending required a paradigm shift and 35 sacrifice and commitment but by going into financial lockdown, Nicole gained f nancial independence .

  A) abundance I) impetus

  B) astonishment J) overhaul

  C) entailed K) permanently

  D) envisaged L) plight

  E) equation M) prosper

  F) expended N) shatter

  G) feat 0) ultimately

  H) fiscally

  【参考答案】:

  26 O) ultimately

  27 F)expended

  28 A) abundance

  29 E) equation

  30 G)feat

  31 D)envisaged

  32 B)astonishment

  33 L)plight

  34 J)overhaul

  35 C) entailed

  Section B信息匹配(长篇阅读)

  Section B

  France's beloved cathedral only minutes away from complete destruction

  A)Notre Dame Cathedral in the heart of Pairs was within "15 to 30 minutes" of complete deatruction as firefighters battled to stop flames reaching its bell towers on Monday evening,French authorities have revealed .A greater disaster was averted by members of the Paris fire brigade ,who rished their lives to remain inside the burning monument to create a wall of water between the raging fire and the two towers on the west of the building.

  B) The recelation of how close France came to losing its most famous catherdal emerged as police investigators questioned workers involved in the reatoration od the monument to try to eatablish the cause of the devastating blaze . Paris Prosector Remy Geitz said that an initial fire alert was sounded at 6:20pm on Monday evening but no fire was found.The second alert was sounded at 6:43pm,and the blaze was discovered on the roof.

  C)More than $650 minnion was raised in a few hours on Tuesday as French business leaders and global corporations announced they would donate to a restoration campaign launched by the prasident,Emmanuel Macron.But as the emergency services picked through the burnt debris,a row was resurfacing over accusations that the beloved cathedral,innortalised in Victor Hugo's novel,was already crumbling before the fire.

  D)The cathedral is owned by the French state and has been at the cantre of a years-long dispute over who should finance restoration work of the collapsing staircases,crumbling statued and cracked walls.Jean-Michel Leniaud,the president of the scientific council at the National Heritage Institute,said:"What happened was bound to happen.The lack of adequate maintenance and daily attention to such a majestic building is the cause of this catastrophe".After the blaze was declared completelu extinguished,15 hours after it started,the junior interior ,Laurent Nunez,said the atrutre had been saved but remainede culnerable.He praised the actions of the firefighters but admitted the face of the cathedral had been uncertain."They saved the main structure,but it all came down to 15-30 minutes,"Numez said.

  E)In a sueprise televised address on Tuesday evening,Macron said he wanted to see the cathedral rebuilt within five years."The fire at Notre Dame reminds us that we will slways have ahallengers to overcome,"Macron said ."Notre Dame is our history ,our literature ,the centre of our life,It is the standard by which wu measure our distances,It's so many books,so many paintings.It's the cathedral of every French person ,even,those "who have never visited it,This history is ours and so we will rebuild motre Dame.It is what the French people expect;it is what our history deserves.It is our deep destiny.We will rebuild Notre Dame so it is even more beaurtiful than before.I want it done in the next five years.We can do it.After the time of testing comes a time of reflection and than of action"

  F)The fire,which had started at the base of the 93-metre pires(尖塔) at about 6:40pm on Monday,spread through the cathedral's roof,made up of hundreds of oak beams,some dating back to the 13th century.These beams,known as la foret(the forest)because of their density,formed the cross-shaped roof that ran the length of the central part of the cathedral. As hundreds of tourists and Parisians stood and watched the flames leaping from the roof,there was shock and tears as the cathedral spire caught fire,burned and the collapsed into itself.

  G)A collection of dramatic videos and photos quickly spread across social media,showing the horrifying destrucion,and attracting emotional responses from people all over the word. Indeed,within minutes the fire occupied headlines of every major global newspaper and television netwrok.This is not surprising given Notre Dame Cathedral,meaning"Our Lady",is one of the most recognised symbols of the city of Paris attracting millions of tourists every year.

  H)While the word looked on,the 500 firefighters at the scene then battled to prevent the flame of the towers had caught fire,it could have sent the bells-the largest of which,the Emmanuel Bell,weighs 13 tons - crashing down,potentially causing the collapse of both towers.Police and fire services will spend the next 48 hours assessing the "security and safety" of the 850-year-old structure.Nunez said:"We have identified vulnerabilities throughout the structure,all of which still need securing." As a result,residents of five buildings around the northern side of the cathedral were being temporarily evacuated, he added. Architects have identified three main holes in the structure,in the locations of the apire,the main hall and the upper rooms to the north the central aisle. Most of the wooden roof beams have been burned,and parts of the concrete holding up the roof have collapsed.

  I)The interior minister,Christophe Castaner, visited the cathedral on Tuesday afternoon to see the extent of the devastation.Ash covered the marble diamond-patterned floor and floated in large pools of grey water from the fire hoses.Behind a heap of blackened oak beams that lay piled up where they had fallen,daylight from vast holes in the cathedral roof lit a golden cross over a statue by Nicolas Coustou,which apperared to have escaped damage.Preliminary inspections also suggested the three ornate(装饰华丽的) stained glass"rose"windows appeared to have survived the fire,officials said.However,fire officers have said a complete inventory of the damage will not be possible until the cathedral structure has been deemed safe.

  J) The culture minister, fraanck Riester said religious relics saved from the cathedral were being

  securely held at the hotel de ville,and works of art that sustained smoke damage  were being taken to the louvre,the world"s largest art decorated the spire had been removed lost as the spire was destroyed. AS well as damage from the heat, which firefighters said reached more than 800℃,experts also need to assess damage from the vast quantities of water firefighters poured into the cathedral. one casualty of this was the great organ constructed in the 1730s, which was said to have escaped the flames but been significantly damaged by water.

  K)French political commentators noted the devastating fire had succeeded where Macron had fiuled in uniting the country. But criticism over the original state of the building is likely to intensify over coming days. Leniaud told La Croix newspaper: This is not about looking for people to blame. The responsibility is collective because this is the most loved monument in the country, Alexandre Gady, an art historian, agreed. we’ve been saying " for years that the budget for maintaining historic monuments is too low;' Gady said. The Paris prosecutors office has opened an inquiry into "involuntary destruction by fire'; indicating they believe the cause of the blaze was accidental rather than criminal.

  36. The total amount of damage to Notre Dame Cathear structure is considered safe.

  37. Once again people began to argue whether Notre Dame Cathedral was going to collapse even without the fire.

  38. The Notre Dame Cathedral catastrophe was said to have helped unite the French nation.

  39. The roof of Notre Dame Cathedral was built with large numbers of densely laid-out wood beams.

  40. Renovation workers of Notre Dame Cathedral were questioned to find out the cause of the accident.

  41. Had the bell towers5 wooden frames burned down, the heavy bells would have crashed down.


  Section C 仔细阅读2篇(阅读理解)

  We often think of drawing as something that takes inborn talent, but this kind of thinking stems from our misclassification of drawing as, primarily, an art form rather than a tool for learning.

  Researchers, teachers, and artists are starting to see how drawing can positively impact a wide variety of skills and disciplines.

  Most of us have spent some time drawing before, but at some point, most of us stop drawing. There are people who don't, obviously, and thank god for that: a world without designers and artists would be a very shabby one indeed.

  Some argue that so many adults have abandoned drawing because we've miscategorized it and given it a very narrow definition. In his book, Stick Figures: Drawing as a Human Practice, Professor D.B. Dowd argues that "We have misfiled the significance of drawing because we see it as a professional skill instead of a personal capacity. We mistakenly think of "good" drawings as those which work as recreations of the real world, as realistic illusions. Rather, drawing should be recategorized as a symbolic tool.

  Human beings have been drawing for 73,000 years. It's part of what it means to be human. We don't have the strength of chimpanzees(大猩猩) because we've given up animal strength to manipulate subtle instruments, like hammers, spears, and — later — pens and pencils. The human hand is an extremely dense network of nerve endings. In many ways, human beings are built to draw.

  Some researchers argue that doodling(涂画) activates the brain's so-called default circuit — essentially, the areas of the brain responsible for maintaining a baseline level of activity in the absence of other stimuli. Because of this, some believe that doodling during a boring lecture can help students pay attention. In one study, participants were asked to listen to a list of names while either doodling or sitting still. Those who remembered 29 percent more of the names than those who did not.

  There's also evidence that drawing talent is based on how accurately someone perceives the world. The human visual system tends to misjudge size, shape, color, and angles but artists perceive these qualities more accurately than non-artists. Cultivating drawing talent can become an essential tool to improve people's observational skills in fields where the visual is important.

  Rather than think of drawing as a talent that some creative people are gifted in, we should consider it as a tool for seeing and understanding the world better-one that just so happens to double as an art from. Both absent-minded doodling and copying from life have been shown to positively affect your memory and visual perception ,so complain loudly the next time your school board slashes the art department's budget.

  46.What do people generally think about drawing?

  A) It is a gift creative people are endowed with.

  B) It is a skill that is acquired with practice

  C) It is an art form that is appreciated by all.

  D) It is an ability everyone should cultivate.

  47.What do we learn about designers and artists?

  A) They are declining gradually in number

  B) They are keen on changing shabby surroundings.

  C) They add beauty and charm to the world.

  D) They spend most of their lives drawing.

  48.What does Professor D.B.Dowd argue in his book?

  A) Everybody is born with the capacity to draw.

  B) Drawing is a skill that requires special training

  C) The value of drawing tends to be overestimated

  D) Drawing should be redefined as a realistic illusion.

  49.What have some researchers found from one study about doodling?

  A) It is a must for maintaining a base level of brain activity.

  B) It can turn something boring into something interesting

  C) It is the most reliable stimulant to activate l the brain.

  D) It helps improve concentration and memory.

  50.What is characteristic of people withdrawing talent?

  A) Sensitivity to cognitive stimulation.

  B) Subtlety of representation.

  C) Accuracy in categorization.

  D) Precision in visual perception.


  

  52.What docs the author imply about the various gadgets on cars?

  A)They can help to alleviate traffic jams.

  B)Most of them are as effective ns advertised.

  C)Only some can be put to use under current tradie conditions.

  D)They are constantly upgraded to make driving easier and safer.

  53.What does the author say about the use of navigation apps?

  A)It is likely to create traffic jams in other places.

  B)It helps a great deal in easing traffic congestion.

  C)It sharply reduces the incidence of traffic accidents.

  D)It benefits those who are learning to drive.

  54.What does the author say about technology?

  A)Its consequences arc usually difficult to assess.

  B)It seldom delivers all the benefits as promised.

  C)It depends on the required knowledge for application.

  D)Its benefits arc guaranteed by collective wisdom.

  55. What key message does the author try to convey in the passage?

  A) The consequences of technological innovation need not be exaggerated.

  B) There is always a price to pay to develop technology for a better world.

  C) Technological innovation should be properly regulated.

  D) The culture of Silicon Valley ought not to be emulated.

  Part Ⅳ Translation 翻译(汉译英)

  海南是仅次于台湾的中国第二大岛,是位于中国最南端的省份,海南岛风景秀丽,气候宜人、阳光充足、生物多样,温泉密布,海水清澈,大部分海滩几乎全部都是游泳和阳光浴的理想场所,因而被誉为中国的四季花园和度假胜地,每年都吸引了大批中外游客。

  海南1988年建省以来,旅游业、服务业、高新技术产业飞速发展,是中国唯一的省级经济特区。在中央政府和全国人民的大力支持下,海南将建成中国最大的自由贸易试验区。



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