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2017年12月六级真题答案解析(三套)

2017-12-22 17:37:31 来源:新东方在线六级资料下载

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2017年12月六级真题答案解析(三套)

沈阳新东方学校魏靖人等 新东方在线

  一. 整体评述

  此次六级的写作部分题干较为容易理解非常简单,名言谚语问题,可以使用课上带大家练过的重点关于文字类的模版,是在上课为大家重点讲过的问题。

  从题目分析来说,首先是话题的出题形式。在以往的考题中经常出现过类似的题目表达,但是属于常规的文章写作。评论名言谚语,同2015年文字题目出题方式非常相像。所以宏观的结构第一个自然段应该是引出主题。在第二段处理文字类的作文题的时候,应该探讨的问题是具体的意义。在题三段,我们给出全文的结论,总结我们所题建议。所以,从这道题的出题的类型上来讲,我们依然采用的是三段论的写作模式。

  而另外一个点,我们想从此次考试的内容上进行分析。关于帮助/理解/尊重他人的命题。考生如在考场想不到具体的优点或好处的话可以重点套用我们给大家总结的万能观点,也十分的贴切。

  二. 写作解析

  作文分三段来写:首段引出主题,交代话题背景,表明理解/尊重/帮助他人是一个由来已久的重点问题,人们纷纷对此看法非常重视,以及自己的观点。这里可以套用具体课上讲过的模版,交代争议和全文背景。

  在第二段处理文字类的作文题的时候,应该探讨的问题是这些品质有何意义,即表明理解/尊重/帮助他人其有什么好处和意义。这里一定要注意写作的逻辑关系,首先总起句,其次要有具体建议的原因。

  在文字类型作文的题三段,我们给出全文的结论,总结我们所题建议。可以套用课上重点练习的模版句式。

  范文:

  Help others, and you will be helped when you are in need

  A profound notion has lasted for years regarding that “Help others, and you will be helped when you are in need .” It is known by us all that giving others a hand is a crucial process through one’s whole life. Personally, I side with the notion, in the belief that helping others will contribute to getting help in the current situation.

  The implication underlying this sentence is rather conspicuous: giving a hand to others is of extremely significance in modern society. Why should we place such a high value on it? First and foremost, helping others enables people to acquire assistance and complete their mission more smoothly and rapidly; because those who are willing to help others are more likely to get helped from others when trapped in trouble. In addition, helping others is one of the most indispensable behaviors that people should learn in China. Without the process, people can hardly have a better understanding of relationship between others.

  In order to achieve more help, people are supposed to devote to others first. Only in this way, can they open their mind and enjoy a comforting life.

  Seek to understand others, and you will be understand

  As the saying has it,“Seek to understand others, and you will be understand”. In other words, people can hardly be understood if they can not make themselves understood at the first step. Simple as the saying may sound, it conveys a thought-provoking notion that understanding others first is an absolutely imperative process of achieving mutual understanding.

  The implication underlying this sentence is rather conspicuous: understanding others is of extremely significance in modern society. Why should we place such a high value on it? First and foremost, interpersonal comprehension enables people to achieve their goals and realize their dreams more smoothly and rapidly; because people with such a spirit are more likely to seize fleeting opportunity. In addition, understanding others is one of the most indispensable behaviors that people should learn in China. Without the process, people can hardly learn others’ situation.

  In order to make a better communication, people are supposed to understand others’ situation. Only in this way, can they open their mind and enjoy a comforting life.

  Respect others, and you will be respected

  An important notion has lasted for years regarding that “Respect others, and you will be respected.” It is known by us all that respecting others is a crucial process through whole life. Personally, I side with the notion, in the belief that showing respect to others in daily life is advisable in the current situation.

  The implication underlying this sentence is rather conspicuous: showing respect to others is of extremely significance in modern society. Why should we place such a high value on it? First and foremost, respecting others enables people to achieve their goals and realize their dreams more smoothly and rapidly; because people with the spirit are more likely to seize fleeting opportunity.

  In addition, respecting others is one of the most indispensable behaviors that people should learn in China. Without the process, people can hardly have a better understanding of life.

  In order to make a better communication, people are supposed to show respect to others. Only in this way, can they open their mind and enjoy a comforting life.

  三、翻译解析

  太湖是中国东部的一个淡水湖,占地面积2250平方公里,是中国第三大淡水湖,仅此于鄱阳和洞庭。太湖约有90个岛屿,大小从几平方米到几平方公里不等。太湖以其独特的太湖石而闻名,太湖石常用装饰中国传统园林。太湖也以高产的捕鱼业闻名。自上世纪70年代后期以来,捕捞鱼蟹对沿湖的居民来说极为重要,并对周边地区的经济做出了巨大贡献。太湖地区是中国陶瓷业基地之一,其中宜兴的陶瓷厂家生产举世闻名的宜兴紫砂壶。

  Taihu Lake , a freshwater lake in the East of China ,covering an area of 2,250 square kilometers , is the third largest freshwater lake in China, which is only second to the Poyang Lake and the Dongting Lake. There are about 90 islands in Taihu Lake with the size ranging from a few square meters to a few square kilometers. It is well-known for its unique “Taihu stone”, which is often used to decorate traditional Chinese gardens. It is also famous for its high-yield fishing industry. Since the late 1970s, fishing for fish and crab is of great importance for residents living along the lake, making a great contribution to the economy in the surrounding areas. The area of the Taihu Lake is one of China's ceramics industry bases, and in this area, the pottery ceramic manufacturers in Yixing produce the world-famous Yixing clay teapots.

  方法提炼:本次六级翻译的三篇文章与17年6月份的难度持平,所考知识点并没有跳脱出定语从句,非谓语动词这些基本的语法项目。比较有意思的一个现象是,此次太湖语段的第一句,与四级17年6月的珠江语段第一句非常接近,甚至是可以说只更换了名词和数字而已。但是无论句子多长,寻找核心主谓宾是入手的第一要素,其余的成分通过后置定语至于所修饰名词后面,以及把时间,地点,方式方法等状语置于句首或句尾,能够让句子结构更加清晰明了。为了展现同学们六级的能力,应避免把所有句子都写成用and连接的并列句,而是使用非谓语动词和非限制性定语从句使句子的结构富于变化。此外,使用一些高级的形容词,副词和替换词组十分必要。这也要求同学们在平时复习时注重对于这些词汇的积累,方可在答题时做到游刃有余。

  四、阅读答案及解析

  Section A

  In the past 12 months,Nigeria….

  26.C emergency

  27.D feeding

  28.K reproduces

  29.I originate

  30.G handful

  31.F halted

  32.L security

  33.O untouched

  34.A dependent

  35.J reduction

  Section B

  36.E. 题干:Online services are

  37.L. 题干:The author admits

  38.I. 题干:Checking phones at

  39.O. 题干:To make proper

  40.B. 题干:Most of us

  41.J. 题干:When one person

  42.F. 题干:The great majority

  43.D. 题干:The internet

  44.L. 题干:I have

  45.G. 题干:White-collar workers

  Section C

  Passage One

  46. D. he risked braking local law to make a drink with coca leaves.

  47. C. Many were shipped to Europe in the late 19th century for medicinal use

  48. A. Cocaine had become notorious

  49. D. It has remained virtually unchanged since its creation

  50. A. The evolution of coca-cola

  Passage Two

  51. C There was a clear divide between large and small cities.

  52. B They have seen a rise in property prices.

  53. D looked deserted in the evenings

  54. C Modernized housing and improved infrastructure.

  55. D Better job opportunities.

  本篇以“Who Really Addicting You to Technology”为题的段落信息匹配题难度中等,段落数量符合六级标准的15段文章,5段为废段,无重选段。

  有明显关键词的题只有一道信息词为“white-collar”,其他题目的关键词并不明显,可按照老师上课讲解的“提炼主干信息词及低频特殊信息词”的方法划出关键词。

  在寻度原文的过程当中,如果同学们按照老师上课强调的重点,精读文章段落的首尾句,注意同义替换,那么大家可以顺利找出7道题的答案。

  另外3道题虽然没有出现在首尾句当中,但是基本都是在原文中原词再现,难度不大。

  五、听力答案及解析

  1. C. They facilitate the donation of unsold food to the needy.

  2.B.It passed a law aiming to stop overproduction.

  3. D.It has banned supermarkets from dumping edible food.

  4.A.The confusion over food expiration labels.

  5.B.It has just launched its annual anniversary sales.

  6.D.Price adjustments within seven days of purchase.

  7. C.Credit it to her account.

  8.D.Complimentary tailoring.

  9.A.They are thin, tall and unlike real human beings.

  10.D.Their body shapes have not changed much.

  11. C. On the Internet.

  12.A.Moveable metal type began to be used in printing.

  13. B. It was the biggest printer in the 16th century.

  14. B. It boosted the circulation of popular works.

  15.D.It promoted the growth of national languages.

  16. D. They choose a job without thinking it through.

  17. B. Find out why job choices are available.

  18. A. The qualifications you have.

  19. B. It is cultural festival founded for African-Americans.

  20. C. To help African-Americans to realize their goals.

  21. B. The first fruits of the harvest.

  22. A) They recite a principle.

  23. A) It is one of the world’s most healthy diets.

  24. C) It is regarded as one of the greatest researchers of its kind.

  26. D) They have lower mortality rates.

  这次听力考试与前三次的答题技巧几乎一致,没有太大的波动。预测依旧是重头戏,尤其针对听力能力比较弱的同学;长对话依旧要找好的是切分点,每个问题之间的间隔——疑问词和语气都需要注意,听懂大意还是比较容易的,再加上答案位置也比较“听话”比如第一篇长对话的第一题选项A“They reward businesses that eliminate food waste.”就出现在题目的开头位置,中间题也几乎是原文重现,第2题的B选项“It passed a law aiming to stop overproduction.”、第3题的“It has penalized businesses that kept overproducing foods.”都较为明显;篇章部分也是按部就班的呈现,开头和结尾这种超级明显的位置大家还是不难找到答案的;讲座部分的选项较往年考试比较简单,答案位置还是“老样子”,原文重现还是占到相当大的比例,比如第16题的答案“They choose a job without thinking it through.”、19题“It is cultural festival founded for African-Americans.”、23题的“It is one of the world’s most healthy diets.”就是之前在课上讲的对应开头题的部分,运用我们上课所讲的解题方法,做到有条不紊,在这部分得到12分还是较为轻松的。因此,只要大家在考场上按照步骤一气呵成的听完,保持对每篇文章的新鲜感,听力部分160分还是不难拿到的。

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