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英语六级完形填空精选练习(3)

2013-08-16 16:19:40 来源:考试大六级资料下载

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本文为大家准备了一篇英语六级完形填空精选练习,希望同学们多加练习,取得优异的英语六级成绩。


  Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and[D] on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding

  letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.

  Scientists around the world are racing to learn how to rapidly diagnose, treat and stop the spread of a new, deadly disease. SARS--Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome--was 62 for the first time in February 2003 in Hanoi, 63 since then has infected more than 1,600 people in 15 countries, killing 64 At this 64 ,there are more questions than answers surrounding the disease.

  Symptoms start 65 a fever over 100. 4 degrees F, chills, headache or body 66 Within a week, the patient has a dry

  cough, which might 67 to shortness of breath. In 10% to 20%of cases, patients require 68 ventilation to breathe. About 3.5%die from the disease. Symptoms 69 begin in two to seven days, but some reports suggest it 70 take as long as 10 days. Scientists are close to 71 a lab test to diagnose SARS. In the meantime, it is diagnosed by its symptoms. There is no evidence 72 antibiotics or anti-viral medicines help, 73 doctors can offer only supportive care. Patients with SARS are kept in isolation to reduce the risk of 74 . Scientists aren’t sure yet, but some researchers think it’s a 75 discovered coronavirus, the family of viruses that cause some common colds.

  Most cases appear to have been passed 76 drop lets expelled when infected patients cough or sneeze. Family members of infected people and medical workers who care 77 them have been most likely to 78 the illness. But recent developments in Hong Kong suggest that the 79 might spread through air, or that the virus might 80 for two to three hours on doorknobs or other 81 Health experts say it is unlikely, though, that sharing an elevator briefly with an infected person would be enough to pass the virus.

  62.

  [A] detected

  [B] caught

  [C] disclosed

  [D] revealed

  63.

  [A] but

  [B] and

  [C] or

  [D] vet

  64.

  [A] time

  [B] point

  [C] aspect

  [D] instance

  65.

  [A] from

  [B] over

  [C] upon

  [D] with

  66.

  [A] hurt

  [B] sore

  [C] aches

  [D] feelings

  67.

  [A] process

  [B] advance

  [C] progress

  [D] convert

  68.

  [A] automatic

  [B] artificial

  [C] mechanical

  [D] controlled

  69.

  [A] regularly

  [B] ordinarily

  [C] traditionally

  [D] generally

  70.

  [A] will

  [B] might

  [C] should

  [D] must

  71.

  [A] cultivating

  [B] fostering

  [C] developing

  [D] designing

  72.

  [A] which

  [B] that

  [C] whether

  [D] what

  73.

  [A] so

  [B] but

  [C] still

  [D] yet

  74.

  [A] communication

  [B] transportation

  [C] transportation

  [D] transmission

  75.

  [A] lately

  [B] newborn

  [C] newly

  [D] renewed

  76.

  [A] under

  [B] through

  [C] beneath

  [D] from

  77.

  [A] for

  [B] over

  [C] after

  [D] about

  78.

  [A] acquire

  [B] receive

  [C] obtain

  [D] contract

  79.

  [A] ailmenth

  [B] ill-healt

  [C] disease

  [D] infection

  80.

  [A] continue

  [B] linger

  [C] delay

  [D] persist

  81.

  [A] exteriors

  [B] outside

  [C] surfaces

  [D] coverings


  参考答案及解析

  62.A词义辨析题。该句意为“SARS是在2003年2月在河内首次被—的”。detect意为“发现,察觉”,例:The dentist could detect no decay in her teeth.(医生检查了她的牙,未发现龋齿。),故选A。其他三项:catch意为“抓住,赶上”;disclose意为“揭露”;reveal意为“揭示”。

  63.B逻辑衔接题。该句意为“SARS是在2003年2月在河内首次被发现的,——从那时起,SARS已经感染了l5个国家的l600人,其中63人死亡”,此处前后两句为承接关系,故选B。

  64.B惯用搭配题。该句意为“在这一点上,人们对于该病的许多疑问都没有找到答案”。at this point指“在这一点上”,符合该处的语义关系,故选B。at this time意为“在这个时候”;没有at this aspect/instance的说法,应为in this aspect(在这个方面)和in this instance(在这个情况下)。

  65.D惯用搭配题。该句意为“SARS的症状是首先表现为高于100.4华氏度的高烧、发冷、头疼或者身体”。startwith是固定搭配,意为“以……开始”,带有伴随的意味,故选D。start from意为“从……开始,开始于……”,强调具体的事物;startover意为“重新开始”。

  66.C词义辨析题。hurt意为“伤害,受伤”;sore意为“痛处,一般为嗓子疼”;ache意为“疼痛”,一般指身体某

  处的疼痛;feeling意为“感情,情感”。根据上下文此处要表达身体的疼痛,故选C。、

  67.C词义辨析题。该句意为“一周内,病人于咳,可能——呼吸短促”,只有progress“发展”符合句意,故

  选C。其他三项:process意为“加工,处理”;advance意为“前进”;convert意为“转化”。

  68.C词义辨析题。ventilation意为“通风”,该句大意为“在10%到20%的病例中,患者需要一一通风进行呼吸”。根据常识,医院通常为呼吸困难的病人提供呼吸机,呼吸机是机械设备。四个选项中automatic意为“自动的”;artificial意为“人工的”;mechanical意为“机械的”;controlled意为“可控制的”,故选c。

  69.D逻辑衔接题。该句意为“症状在2到7天内开始出现”,由上下文可知此处说的是一般的情况。regularly意为“有规律地”;ordinarily意为“普通,平常”;traditionally意为“传统上”;generally意为“一般,通常”,故选D。

  70.B语法结构题。前文提到,症状一般在2到7天内开始出现,此处为转折:但是有报告显示症状出现需要10天,可见人们对SARS还不是很了解,只是一种推测。might为情态动词,表示较小的推断和可能,故选B。

  71.C词义辨析题。cultivate意为“培养”;foster意为“培育”;develop意为“发展”;design意为“设计”。此处表

  达“科学家开发出一个实验室测试来诊断SARS”,故选C。

  72.B语法结构题。that此处引导evidence的同位语从句,故选B。

  73.A逻辑衔接题。前半句提到“还不能证明抗生素和抗滤过性病原体药物有帮助”,该句说“医生只能提供支持性的医疗服务”,由此可知此处是因果关系,故选A。

  74.D词义辨析题。结合句意“患有SARS的病人被隔离,减少——的风险”可知,此处是指减少传播的风险。transmission意为“传播,传染”,符合句意,故选D。其他三项:communication意为“传达”;transportation意为“交通,运输”;transformation意为“转换,转变”。

  75.C词义辨析题。该句意为“但是一些研究者认为它是——发现的冠状病毒,能够引起普通感冒的病毒”。Newly discovered意为“新发现的”,符合句意,故选C。lately也是“最近”的意思,但它不与动词的过去分词搭配使用;newborn意为“新生的”;renewed意为“更新的,重建的”。

  76.B惯用搭配题。Pass through是固定搭配,意为“经过”,符合句意,故选B。pass from意为“绕道”。

  77.A惯用搭配题。该句意为“被感染人的家庭成员以及负责——他们的医护人员最有可能——疾病”。care for是固定搭配,意为“照顾”,故选A。care over意为“密切注意;小心,谨慎”;care about意为“担心”。

  78.D词义辨析题。根据句意(见上题)可知,此处要表达“感染疾病”。四个选项中acquire意为“获得,学到”;

  receive意为“收到,接到”;0btain意为“获得,得到”;contract意为“签约;感染(疾病),’,故选D。

  79.C词义辨析题。该句意为“但是最近在香港的进展表明这种——可能通过空气传播”,可见此处是说这种疾病(SARS)可能通过空气传播。四个选项中ailment意为“疾病(尤指微恙)”;ill.health可理解为“不健康”;disease指“疾病”;infection意为“传染”,故选C。

  80.B词义辨析题。该句意为“病毒可能在门把手上或者其他的……—两三个小时”,可见此处是说疾病可以停留的时间和地点。四个选项中continue意为“继续”;linger意为“停留”;delay意为“耽误”;persist意为“坚持”,故选B。

  81.C词义辨析题。此处要表达的是“物体的表面”。这几个词都有表面的意思:exteriors和outside都指“外部、外面”;surface指“最外面的一层”;coverings指“覆盖物”,故选C。


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