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英语六级完形填空精选练习(1)

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  Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and[D] on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.

  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

  Most people would be 62 by the high quality of medicine 63 to most Americans. There is a lot of specialization, a great deal of 64 to the

  individual, a 65 amount of advanced technical equipment, and 66 effort not to make mistakes because of the financial risk which doctors and hospitals must 67 in the courts if they 68 things badly.

  But the Americans are in a mess. The problem is the way in 69 health care is organized and 70 .71 to public belief it is not just a free competition system. The private system has been joined a large public system, because private care was simply not 72 the less fortunate and the elderly.

  But even with this huge public part of the system, 73 this year will eat up 84.5 billion dollars—more than 10 per cent of the U.S. budget--large numbers of Americans are left 74 These include about half the 11million unemployed and those who fail to meet the strict limits 75 income fixed by a government trying to make savings where it can.

  The basic problem, however, is that there is no central control 76 the health system. There is no 77 to what doctors and hospitals charge for their services, other than what the public is able to pay. The number of doctors has shot up and prices have climbed. When faced with toothache, a sick child, or a heart attack, all the unfortunate person concerned can do is 78 up. Two-thirds 0f the population 79 covered by medical insurance. Doctors charge as much as they want 80 that the insurance company will pay the bill. The rising cost of medicine in the U.S. is among the most worrying problems facing the country. In 1981the country’s health bill climbed 15.9 per cent—about twice as fast as prices 81 general.

  62.

  [A] compressed

  [B] impressed

  [C] obsessed

  [D] repressed

  63.

  [A] available

  [B] attainable

  [C] achievable

  [D] amenable

  64.

  [A] extension

  [B] retention

  [C] attention

  [D] exertion

  65

  [A] countless

  [B] titanic

  [C] broad

  [D] vast

  66.

  [A] intensive

  [B] absorbed

  [C] intense

  [D] concentrated

  67.

  [A] run into

  [B] come into

  [C] face

  [D] defy

  68.

  [A] treat

  [B] deal

  [C] maneuver

  [D] handle

  69.

  [A] which

  [B] that

  [C] what

  [D] when

  70.

  [A] to finance

  [B] financed

  [C] the finance

  [D] to be financed

  71.

  [A] Contrary

  [B] Opposed

  [C] Averse

  [D] Objected

  72.

  [A] looking for

  [B] looking into

  [C] looking after

  [D] looking over

  73.

  [A] which

  [B] what

  [C] that

  [D] it

  74.

  [A] over

  [B] out

  [C] off

  [D] away

  75.

  [A] for

  [B] in

  [C] with

  [D] on

  76.

  [A] over

  [B] un

  [C] under

  [D] behind

  77.

  [A] boundary

  [B] restriction

  [C] confinement

  [D] limit

  78.

  [A] to pay

  [B] paying

  [C] to be paid

  [D] to have paid

  79.

  [A] is being

  [B] are

  [C] have been

  [D] is

  80.

  [A] knowing

  [B] to know

  [C] they know

  [D] known

  81.

  [A] in

  [B] with

  [C] on

  [D] for


  参考答案及解析

  62.B词义辨析题。本句的意思是:“很多人对医药的高质量。__________”impress意为“对……印象深刻”,符合句意;compress意为“挤压,压缩”,obsess意为“使困扰”,repress意为“镇压”,均排除。

  63.A词义辨析题。available意为“可获得的”;attainable和achievable同义,指“可得到的”,是“需要努力才能得到的”意思,排除;amenable意为“有责任的,应服从的”,排除;所以A正确。

  64.C词义辨析题。本句的意思是:“对个人的很多。__________”attention意为“关注”,正确;extension意为“延长”,retention意为“保持”,exertion意为“努力”,均排除。

  65.D惯用搭配题。本句的意思是:__________ “高级的技术设备。”vast意为“大量的”,常用来形容数量、程度等,正确;countless意为“无数的”,常用于可数名词,排除;titanic意为“巨大的”,常形容体积,排除;broad意为“宽的”,排除。

  66.C词义辨析题。intense意为“强烈的”,常指由内在而来的力量,所以intense effort意为“巨大的努力”;intensive意为“强烈的”,常用于指行为的强度和程度是由外部强加的,排除;absorbed意为“全神贯注的”,concentrated意为“集中的”,均排除。

  67.C词义辨析题。本句的意思是:“医生和医院将__________财政风险。”run into意为“偶遇”,come into意为“得到”,face意为“面临”,de母意为“违抗”,所以C正确。

  68.D词义辨析题。treat意为“对待”,deal意为“处理”,常与介词with搭配,maneuver意为“操作”,handle意为“处理”,等同于to deal with,故选D。

  69.A逻辑衔接题。which引导的定语从句修饰the way。The way作先行词时,引导词有三种用法:in which,that或省略引导词,故选A。

  70.B逻辑衔接题。finance在这里作动词,与organize是并列关系,所以应用其过去分词形式,故选B。

  71.A词义辨析题。Contrary to意为“和……相反”;0pposeto,averse to,object to都意为“反对”。根据句意,医疗系统是和大众观点相反的,而不是反对大众观点,故A正确。

  72.C惯用搭配题。look for意为“寻找”,look into意为“调查”,look after意为“照顾”,look over意为“检查”,

  该句谈论的是私人看护,所以C正确。

  73.A逻辑衔接题。which引导一个非限定性定语从句,修饰名词this huge public part of the system。非限定性定语从句不能用that引导,所以A正确。

  74.B惯用搭配题。leave over意为“剩下”,leave out意为“遗漏,排除”,leave off意为“停止”,结合句意“很多美国人被排除在外”可知,B正确。

  75.D介词用法题。Limit on…意为“对……的限定”,所以D正确。

  76.A惯用搭配题。control over意为“控制”,且control不与on,under和behind搭配,所以A正确。

  77.D词义辨析题。boundary意为“界线,边界”,restriction意为“限制”,confinement意为“(被)限制,局限”,limit指时空、程度、量等方面的“限定,局限”,其内涵是如果超出了这种限度就会受罚或产生令人不快的后果。原句意为“不同于人们的支付能力,医生和医院的服务收费没有__________”,所以D正确。

  78.A动词时态题。该句的主干是all the person can do is…,所填部分为表语,且时态为一般现在时,故选A。pay up意为“全部付清”。

  79.B逻辑衔接题。本句的主语是复数概念,所以谓语动词应用复数形式,另外,因为本句说的是一般事实,所以应用一般现在时,故选B。

  80.A逻辑衔接题。此处应使用know的现在分词knowin9作原因状语,其主语是doctors,与know是施动关系,故不选known,所以A正确。

  81.A惯用搭配题。in general是固定搭配,意为“一般而言”,所以A正确。


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