Directions: For this part.you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay related to the short passage given below. In your essay, you are to comment on the phenomenon described in the passage and suggest measures to address the issue. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words. Young people spend a lot of time on the internet. Howev-er,they are sometimes unable to recognize false information on the internet,judge the reliability of online information sources,or tell real news stories from fake ones.
Living in an age of internet, young generations tend to acquire assorted information about the world totally via virtual envi-ronment. Convenient as it may seem, the reliability of online information sources can not be guaranteed. Under this circumstance, they might be deliberately misled, to a large extent, by some fake news stories.
To avoid youngsters'being misguided by those irresponsible mass media, we need to take several effective measures ur-gently. To begin with, authorities concerned should enhance their supervision of the information published on the internet. Moreover, parents should encourage their children to develop independent thinking and often discuss with them the issues on the internet to make sure they are growing in a healthy mind state. Last but not least, young people themselves should read more insightful books and learn to think more of the values and attitudes behind online stories.
It's important that the young possess the capability of telling real news stories from fake ones. Only when they're equipped with the quality of recognizing false stories in an era of infor-mation explosion can they be closer to the genuineness of our modern world.
If you think life is wonderful and expect it to stay…
Do music lessons really make children smarter ?
36.[A] A recent analysis found that most research mischar-acterizes the relationship between music and skills enhance -ment....
37.[N] Did he have a hidden talent that others didn't have?Or more endurance than his peers ?Music researchers tend，like Schellenberg ，to be musicians themselves ，and ashe noted in his recent paper，…
38.[c] Schellenberg had long been skeptical of the science supporting claims that music education enhances children's abstract reasoning, math, or language skills.……
39.[G] After computing their assessments, Schellenberg concluded that the majority of the articles erroneously claimed that music training had a causal effect.……
40.[O] But those convictions should be checked at the en-trance to the lab,he added.Otherwise,the work becomes re-ligion or faith."You have to let go of your faith if you want to be a scientist."
41.[H] To argue for a cause-and-effect relationship, scien-tists must attempt to explain why and in how a connection could occur. When it comes to transfer effects of music……
42.[D] The 2004 paper was specifically designed to address those concerns. And as a passionate musician, Schellenberg was delighted when he tuned up credible evidence that music has transfer effects on general intelligence……..
43.[J]Neuropsychologist Lutz Jancke agrees."Most of these studies don't allow for causal inferences, "he said.For over two decades, Jancke has researched the effects of music lessons,..
44.[F]For his recent study, Schellenberg asked two research assistants to look for correlational studies on the effects of music education.They found a total of 11 4 papers pub-lished since 2000.
45.[I] But Schellenberg remains highly oritical of how the concept of plasticity has been applied in his field,"Plasticity has become an industry of its own "he-wrote in his May paper......
The trend toward rationality and enlightenment was endan-gered long before the advent of the World Wide Web.
46.A)It initiated a change from dominance of reason to su-premacy of pleasure.
47.D)It is conducive to critical thinking.
48.D) It has rendered their interactions more superficial.
49.c) It was viewed as a means to quest for knowledge.
50.B)They are constantly seeking approval from their audi-ence.
According to a recent study,a small but growing proportion of the workforce is affected to some degree by a sense of entitlement.
51.B)They feel they deserve more than they get.
52.B)They were spoiled when growing up.
53.D) Seek ways to sustain their motivation.
54.C)They convey their requirements in a straightforward way.
55.A)Those who can be counted on to fulfill commitments
Yan'an, located in north Shanxi Province and in the middle reaches of the Yellow River, is a holy land of Chinese revolu-tion where the old generation of revolutionaries including Mao Zhedong used to live and fight for 13 years, leading the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression and the Lib-eration War, cultivating the Yan'an spirit and making tre-mendous contribution to the Chinese revolution. With the best revolutionary sites in terms of number, extensiveness and level across the country, Yan'an is well recognized as a national education base for patriotism, revolutionary tra-ditions and the Yan'an spirit. Yan'an boasts 9 revolution-ary memorial halls which hold a huge number of significant objects left by CPC Central Committe and the old genera-tion of revolutionaries,enjoying a high reputation as "the museum city of Chinese revolution."
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