名师指导四六级基础备考:词汇辨析(3)

2010-10-15 00:00:00来源:网络

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acknowledge,admit,concede,confess,recognize都含有一定的"承认"之意

acknowledge 着重”公开承认”,常用来指过去曾隐瞒或否认的事

admit 是指在压力下不得不承认已经证实或难以否认的事实,供认(事实,错误等)

concede (不情愿地)承认,(在结果确定前)承认失败

confess 着重承认自己的过错或罪恶

recognize 指正式承认主权、权利等 ________________________________________1.He concededthat the statement was true in an argument.他在辩论中承认对方的说法是正确的.(有点不情愿的承认)

2.She acknowledged having been at fault.他承认自己曾犯过错误.

3.The new law was generally admitted to be difficult to enforce.大家普遍认为,新的法律很难实施.(admit后面可跟名词或动名词作宾语,不根不定式作宾语,但可接不定式作宾补.此句中admit为被动结构,所以用to be difficult to enforce作主语补语.)

4.Although they had suffered heavy losses,they refused to concede defeat.虽然他们已遭受惨重损失,但还是不肯认输.

5.Finally he has to confess himself guilty.最终他不得不认罪.(confess oneself认罪)

6.Mr.Zhang was recognized as the legitimate representative of the company.张先生背城认为公司的合法代表. ________________________________________

affirm,assert,allege,claim都含有一定的"宣称,断言"之意

affirm 断言,肯定,指根据事实坚定不移地宣称,有无可争辩之意

assert 宣称,坚持,指不管事实如何,主观自信地宣称

allege 宣称,断定,指在无真实凭据情况下宣称,硬说

claim 声称,主张,往往表示说话者反对或不同意某一观点 ________________________________________1.Politicians more often affirm their desire for retirement than show that they really mean it.政治家经常声称他们想退休,但未必是真的.

2.The suspect alleged that he had not been in the neighbourhood.嫌疑犯生成案发时他并不在现场.

3.He asserted his belief that she was innocent.他坚持自己的想法,她是无辜的.

4.He asserted that this could be done..他宣称这是可行的.

5.Don't claim to know what you don't know.不要强不知以为知. ________________________________________

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四级历年真题(2001-2009)


六级历年真题(2001-2009)

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